Though the strength of Nepal’s workforce is estimated to be approximately 17 million, the government does not have any systematic guidelines for determining the indicators of workers security. Neither does it have any proper mechanism for effective monitoring and supervision for that purpose. Decent work and fair pay and a safe work environment are still a far cry in many places in Nepal. A large chunk of the workforce is mobilized in different sectors at the mercy of some employers who rarely show any interest in the occupational safety of their workers. This calls for a mechanism that guarantees effective monitoring and supervision of the workplace environment. Under the initiative of ITUC-NAC, the major national centers have formed Safety Committees in different districts to assess the status of workers and their working environment.
Any issues identified by such Labor Inspection System (LIS) are discussed with the employers and the government authorities and are settled in a friendly manner. Following the reports of such monitoring visits, the trade unions if necessary take initiatives to put pressure on the concerned entities to address the problems. ITUC-NAC carries out monitoring visits in coordination with district councils every year to take stock of workers status and their working environment, also exerting pressure on government agencies and respective employers to implement some fundamental provisions recognized in the Labor Act and ILO conventions.